Born out of decades of civil war, South Sudan is largely ungoverned territory, marred by unsettled scores from the past, weak or non-existing institutions, deficient security and protection, lack of social and physical infrastructure and displacement of its people. The country is now on the brink of economic collapse. Moreover, with internal conflict, including the risk of spill-over to neighboring countries, and about 1.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), more than 600,000 refugees, and about 4.6 million people classified as severely food insecure, South Sudan is posing a significant threat to the stability of the already conflict-ridden Greater Horn of Africa. Denmark was a staunch supporter of the South Sudanese people’s decade long quest for self-determination and straight after South Sudan won independence in 2011, Denmark engaged in a broad-based and flexible country programme to support the new country (2011-2015). The objectives of the future Danish engagement reflect priorities for Denmark’s development cooperation and aims at advancing security, assisting refugees and displaced people, fighting poverty and addressing the causes of migration. The engagement will comprise a wide range of foreign policy instruments that reflect the Danish broad-based approach to fragile states: active diplomacy, humanitarian assistance, development cooperation, support to peace and stabilisation. Implementation will primarily take place through the EU, UN, regional and sub-regional entities and civil society organisations.